Thursday, July 23, 2020

Fascinated by the intricate reliefs of the Egyptian Philae temple

Fascinated by the intricate reliefs of the Egyptian Philae temple

The country of the pyramid is not only famous for its huge and mysterious pyramids, but also the temples are very popular, such as the Egyptian Philae Temple.

About the Philae Temple of Egypt

Philae Temple , also known as Isis Temple, is located on a rocky island in the middle of the Nile River, 12 km south of Aswan, Egypt.
The temple was built starting under King Ptolemy II for Goddess Isis, and later other Ptolemy kings (Ptolemy's IV, V, VI, VII and XI) contributed by adding more parts to the Main Temple. This work is revered from the Pharaonic period to the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods.
However, it was sunk after the first Aswan Dam was built in 1906, and it wasn't until the 1970s that many countries along with UNESCO tried to save the temple by moving each block from its original place. Philae Island to Agilika Island.
Isis Temple is one of the largest temples in Egypt because it occupies nearly a quarter of the island as well as becoming an ideal destination for tourists when traveling Egypt .

Fine art of Egyptian temple Philae

The Philae Temple of Egypt is built in the same style as the Temple of the New Kingdom with 2 towers, 1 main hall, 1 main temple and 1 room of the Isis Goddess, the special thing is that all of them are furnished. Decorated with extremely impressive reliefs.

1. First tower: Entrance to the temple

The first tower leading into the main temple area consists of two towering rectangular towers and an 18m-high entrance leading to the main hall decorated with a striking sculpture of King Nectanebo.
At the front of the tower, on both sides of the entrance, there is still a lion statue made of granite erected by King Euergetes II and stands standing there even though the years have passed as if to guard the place of worship of the goddess. .

Fascinated by the intricate reliefs of the Egyptian Philae templeTwo majestic stone lions (Photo @aswan_egypt_ph)

While the entrance to the west tower is the reliefs of King Philometor, the entrance to the east tower has the intricate reliefs of King Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Emperor Tiberius. They are all images of the goddess Isis in different poses with different sizes.
In particular, in front of the eastern tower is a huge bas-relief depicting Ptolemy XII Neos' act of fighting against the enemy with hair and the crowning of King of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Neos Dionysos. Horus and Nephthys (right) and incense for Isis and Harpocrates (left), extremely vivid and unique.

2. The main yard of the temple

Entering the entrance of the main tower, you will see the huge main courtyard of the Egyptian Philae temple . 
On the two sides of the yard are huge columns of exquisitely carved, top designed like blooming flowers. The special thing is that each pillar has different sculptures as well as design shapes that make it stand out at first sight. This is also a very hot check in area.
The small building on the east is the room for priests, as well as for some scientific purposes. Each room is well-designed and regular, through which we can really admire the sophistication and talent of ancient architects.
To the west of the main hall is the Birth House, which is a very interesting area as it is a gift to honor the birth of Horus - the goddess's son. On all the walls, the columns are inscribed and covered with reliefs depicting scenes from Horus's childhood, including: Horus is like a falcon in the swamp of Delta or Isis is holding Horus in the lagoon.  It was so real that you thought you were witnessing that story right before your eyes.

3. The second tower

In this tower, you will see a magnificent door 32m wide and 12m high with reliefs in the center of Euergetes II, on the top right is some Christian paintings, below is a relief. 
Standing here looking at the photos, we will feel like someone is telling a story, vivid and fascinating.

4. Inside the temple

The first room inside the temple has 8 large pillars that are also carved with many delicate shapes. On the walls are images of Coplic crosses and Greek words showing that the temple was once a place of Christian worship during the first Byzantine period under Bishop Copod Theodore. 
In addition, above the door is the inscription commemorating archaeological expedition sent to the Philae Temple of Egypt in 1841 by Pope Gregory XVI.
Although the reliefs of Vestibule are still unfinished and even today are being ruined, they are still very interesting. Through the door on the south wall, the top relief shows Horus sitting on a bench with Nephthys and Isis presenting the crown of Lower and Upper Egypt. Thoth (left) and Seshat, the goddess of writing (right), inscribed the king's name on palm tree branches, while behind Thoth was the air god Shu, holding a sail. The bas-reliefs below depict the tomb of Osiris in Abaton, with the body of Osiris born of a crocodile.

Fascinated by the intricate reliefs of the Egyptian Philae templeThe reliefs are fuzzy but still valuable (Photo @bowwybobol)

On the left side of the door are unfinished reliefs showing the king giving the land, while on the right wall (the second top row) is a famous relief depicting the origin of the river. Nile: the god of the Nile, with a snake wrapped around him, poured water from two jars under the jagged rock on which the vulture and a hawk are. On the right is the image of Osiris's soul in the form of a bird in the sacred forest, worshiped by Hathor (left) and by Isis, Nephthys, Horus and Amun (right).
No need to read Greek mythology, just to admire the precious reliefs here, you will also have accumulated a lot of useful knowledge about the gods. It is a double task.

5. Sanctuary - the room of Goddess Isis

Continue through the rooms, you reach the place of Goddess Isis, with two small windows make the whole room seem to lighten up. The room was built of granite to create a strong foundation to protect Isis's sacred image.
To the left of the room is a small room decorated with reliefs depicting the image of the Goddess, while the west is a door leading out of the temple to the Hadrian Gate. 

6. Hadrian Gate

This gate is located in the northwest of the Second Tower, built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian and decorated with reliefs of Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. This is also the place that will lead you to the Sanctuary of Abaton on the nearby Bigga island, where there is the Osiris Tomb, and the reliefs related to the Osiris sect.
After visiting all areas of the Philae temple, everyone must feel like they have just seen a slow-motion movie about the life of the Goddess family, it is so vivid and fascinating.
Before leaving this place, you can also drop by to see other nearby monuments such as: Kiosk of Trajan, Osiris Chapel, Horus Temple, Hathor Temple, Tiberius Gate, Diocletian Gate and Augustus Temple, surely Do not let you down.
If you are passionate about Greek mythology, you love sophisticated architecture in ancient times, the Egyptian Philae Temple is the ideal place for you.

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