Alexandria - one of the greatest ancient cities in the world

The city of Alexandria is like the pearl on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, an ideal destination for Egyptian tourism with many historical marks about a period of the most developed period!

Alexandria is over 2000 years old

Alexandria is  located in the western Nile Delta,225 km from Cairo and runs along the Mediterranean coast with a length of about 32 km. It is the second largest city, and also acts as a major economic, political, cultural and tourist center of Egypt.
With its special position, Alexandria is not only Egypt's largest port (which transits about 80% of the country's import and export goods) but also an important Asia-Europe trade bridge through Suez Canal.

This city of more than 2000 years is one of the greatest ancient cities in the world. Before the glorious period of Rome began, Alexandria was considered to be the most populous and busiest city of the Mediterranean region with a population of up to 1 million people around 230 BC.
Over thousands of years of history, most of the ancient city's architecture has been destroyed and sunk deep into the ocean floor. Among them is the Pharos Lighthouse - the symbol of Alexandria, and also one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, or the Library of Alexandria - the first library in the world, where many precious books are stored.

City of AlexandriaNew neighborhoods in Alexandria

Today, the city of Alexandria , although not in the shadow of a pyramid or a mummy of a Pharaoh, but with the history and attraction of the great works remaining, this place is still is an ideal destination and cannot be missed when traveling to Egypt .
Some prominent places to visit here are: Qaitbay Fort, Montaza Palace, Alexandria Royal Library, Abu El Abbas El Mursi Mosque and some other places such as Pompey Pillar, Area Kom El Shoqafa tomb, Stanley Bridge ....

Lighthouse of Alexandria - a magnificent work of history

The Alexandria Lighthouse is a lighthouse built in the 3rd century BC (around 280 - 247) on the island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt, with the original purpose of serving as a port notification, and later. 
The estimated height of the lighthouse is quite different from 120 to 140 meters (393 - 450 ft) .It is one of the tallest man-made structures on Earth for centuries and is considered by ancient scholars to be one of the seven.
The Alexandria Lighthouse is made up of large bright colored rocks comprising three stories: the lower square with a central core, the middle octagon, and the top of the circle. The top of it has a mirror that reflects the sun during the day; or a fire at night. The existing Roman coins made by Alexandrians show that every four corners of the wall have a mermaid statue. In Roman times, there was a statue of Poseidon standing atop the lighthouse.
The design of the spiers of the mosques for centuries ago were modeled and "reproduced" in this lighthouse design, demonstrating the architectural influence of the building.
In terms of location, the Alexandria Lighthouse was built on Pharos Island, a small island off the coast of Alexandria , in the Mediterranean. It is connected to the continent by an artificial road called Heptastadion, so it also forms a port side of the city. 

Some sights in the city of  Alexandria

Qaitbay Fort

This fort is located at the entrance to the east harbor of Alexandria , built by the Muslim king Sultan Qaibay in 1480.
This is considered one of the important strongholds of Egypt in particular and the Mediterranean in general to prevent the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
It exhibits many artifacts left over from the great naval battles from the Roman and Napoleonic times. In addition, this fort also has an aquarium that supports many rare fish species.

Palace of Montaza

This palace was built on a plateau in the east of Alexandria , belonging to the royal family of Muhammad Ali. Montaza is a complex of many palaces and flower gardens stretching up to 20km along the Mediterranean coast.
The vast gardens here are filled with trees and flowers, creating a cool atmosphere all year round. Montaza Palace complex consists of 5 beaches: Aida, Cleopatra, Vanessa, Semiramis and private beach of Helnan Palestine hotel.

Royal Library of Alexandria 

Also known as the Great Library, it was built in 2002 at a distance of only 200 meters from the location of the old library. This new work has the meaning of a strong revival as well as the desire to revive the golden age of the Alexandria Library - one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
With a total area of ​​about 70,000m2 and more than 8 million books stored, this is one of the largest libraries in the world at the present time. This library has a total of 11 floors, including 4 floors below sea level.
In addition to the reading area that can accommodate up to 2,000 readers at once and the storage area is so large, it is estimated that it will take up to 80 years to fill the bookshelves here, the complex also has Other ancillary works include: 3 museums, art galleries where the oldest manuscripts of history are stored, astronomy exploration area, conference center with a maximum capacity of 3,500 seats….

Mosque of Abu El Abbas El Mursi

Abu El Abbas El Mursi was built in 1775 and completed in 1863. Later, King Farouq I rebuilt the cathedral in 1943 when he built the "mosque square". 
Abu El Abbas El Mursi Cathedral is also the largest and most important architecture of Muslims in the city of Alexandria .

Stanley Bridge

This 400m long bridge is one of the symbols of the city of Alexandria . From the bridge, you can enjoy wonderful panoramic views of the Mediterranean Sea. At the same time, the surrounding area is also home to many famous hotels and restaurants.
Here you can enjoy the specialties of Alexandria, the most typical of which is the dishes made from sea fish.
Stanley Bridge is an ideal place to take a stroll and enjoy the cool sea breeze of the Mediterranean after enjoying the wonderful delicacies of this city.
The city of Alexandria is a harmonious blend of old and new. Coming here, you will see on the main road one side is the deep Mediterranean coast , one side is the modern high-rise buildings of the 21st century giving the city an impressive beauty! Come to Egypt and explore this impressive tourist city!

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